Filed in Nichiren, Chanting

A Right to the Dharma

An Interview with Myokei Caine-Barrett, Shonin

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I received the Omandala Gohonzon [a devotional scroll], and I kept it with me until I went away to college. It was something that was mine alone. I think that desire for a thing of my own was part and parcel of growing up as a mixed ethnic child and trying to find a place to fit, a place of belonging—and not finding it. Buddhism, especially Nichiren’s teachings, eventually really helped me find myself, not as the person who was African American or Japanese, but just as me—and to be OK as me. I came to understand I was not either/or, but both; and that in itself was unique. But it took me a long time to get there. I was in the Navy Reserves. I was a professional belly dancer for a while. I did a whole bunch of different stuff, and none of it satisfied me for any length of time.

I was involved in SGI for about 35 years—20 years of that was very heavy and active involvement. I was at a point of taking care of people and teaching others when I experienced a great deal of dissatisfaction with the path I was on. I just couldn’t continue, and ultimately I left. I didn’t know what I was going to do or where else to go. It was really traumatic. I was almost 50 years old, and I had been involved with SGI since I was 13.

So what led you to Nichiren Shu? I met two people from the Nichiren Order of North America. I had an instant and strong connection with one of them—Ryuoh Faulconer, Shonin—that developed over months. He eventually became my teacher. Ryuoh, Shonin, mentioned that there were women priests in Nichiren Shu. When he told me this, I regained a dream I had had as a young girl. As a child, I was in love with the Audrey Hepburn movie The Nun’s Story. I wanted to live like that. I was going to serve Jesus (well, the Jeffrey Hunter Jesus in King of Kings) and be a nun. But then I became a Buddhist, and especially in that tradition it was not possible.

I’d always taken care of people, and the idea of service came from my dad. Our house was always open; we had people coming in and out who had nowhere else to go. I grew up in the culture of the military, where if you see a soldier walking, you pick him up and take him where he needs to go. So becoming a priest was just the next step. I took my first vows in 2002. I had to work up to shaving my head, because I had hair down almost to my knees. It took me about two years!

What’s your sangha in Houston like? They’re all convert Buddhists. We have a significant gay population as well as African Americans, Latinos, and whites. We have about 16 families who are local, and more than 30 who are remote. Of those, 22 sangha members are behind bars, and the rest are scattered from Mexico and Puerto Rico to Florida, Ohio, Tennessee, Oklahoma, and New Mexico. We maintain contact through the Internet or by phone. Some have contacted me from as far away as South Africa and Liberia and asked if I’d be interested in becoming their teacher. Our lineage is one of the few that streams our services.

How did your students who are prisoners find you? We were invited by a group of prisoners to come into the prison. Since they were Nichiren Buddhists, we agreed. But actually some of them were white supremacists! I didn’t find out until last year, when one of the original members got out of prison and he told me the story of how the group got started. It turns out that in order for the prison to allow them to invite us to come in, the group had to be a certain size. The group of Buddhists was actually very small, so they packed their numbers with non-Buddhists who happened to be white supremacists. We [three women of color] all noticed that something was a little odd, because when we’d come in, the African American prisoners would look at us like, “What are they doing here with these white guys?” Everyone kind of waited around to see what we would do and how we would treat them. Once they decided we were OK, they decided to test Buddhist practice out. Some of them actually took up Buddhism and stayed with us for about three or four years. Of those men who have been released from prison, as far as we know only one has reoffended.

You have such a diverse sangha. Is there something in the Nichiren tradition that makes it especially drawing of diversity?
We freely share the dharma with anyone who seeks it. When we do a retreat, we charge to cover expenses; otherwise, we leave it strictly up to donation.

There is something here for everyone regardless of their level of income, education, or ability. Chanting the Odaimoku is easily accessible; you don’t have to learn a lot initially. It’s both a gateway and a primary practice. You could continue for years just chanting the Odaimoku.

We all love making noise with our drums. Some people are attracted to the drumming, because it is so primal. On the other hand, some people have a hard time with our drumming. Other Buddhists occasionally look at us like we are supposed to be silent. I hear “Well, the Buddha didn’t do it that way.” And I know the Buddha didn’t do it that way. But there are other ways.

Do you have any advice for how sanghas that are predominantly white can become more inclusive?
I think outreach has to happen. Centers that are predominantly white need to become more educated about the challenges facing people of color. As a person of color, I’ve always faced people telling me that race is not an issue or that I’m overreacting. It would help a great deal for sanghas to become educated about unaware racism, institutionalized racism, and internalized racism, so that they don’t negate any person’s experience just because it is not common to the entire community.

I’ve grown up in a tradition that was always very diverse; even so, all of the leadership was either Japanese or white. Any community that wants to welcome diversity has to make sure diversity goes throughout the entire community—including having teachers and administrators of color. It has to look like there’s no difference; and the reality has to be that there is no difference.

As Buddhists, we have an idea of equality: we talk about enlightenment for all beings; we’re all potential Buddhas. In my years of practicing, I have worked with people who are schizophrenic, autistic, transgendered, behind bars—the whole range. If I truly believe that Buddhism is for everyone, then I have to act that way. It requires introspection and a commitment to weeding out everything within that prevents that compassion and acceptance from happening.

I also think that communities of color and women have to stake our claim to whatever it is that we want and honor our right to it. Most of us don’t do that. We are really hesitant. If a place is not welcoming to us right away, then we think, “I don’t need to go there.” But the truth is, if we want the dharma we’ve got to go after it, and we can’t allow anyone else to keep us from it. So if I walk in and people look at me funny, I don’t have to take that on. The dharma is truly for everyone. We must simply engage it with all we are worth.

Linda Heuman is a freelance journalist based in Providence, Rhode Island.

Images: Photographs by Erin Trieb

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jaiart69's picture

Wonder why she left sgi.

myers_lloyd's picture

I've always practiced Zen, but the simple chant Namu Myoho Renge Kyo has stuck with me from the time I first heard it. I plan to chant this intermittently from now on, after reading this interview.
Buddha didn't practice Zen, nor was he a Buddhist.

Namu Myoho Renge Kyo.

amentisujai's picture

Such a beautiful interview. Thank you.

gribneal's picture

Thank you for this interview, not only for a different view of Buddhism but for introducing Myokei to us. When she said, "As a person of color, I’ve always faced people telling me that race is not an issue or that I’m overreacting," I could replace her words, person of color, with As a woman... I often feel as if I am not the primary audience for many of the articles and following comments in Tricycle. I do not mean this as an attack on Tricycle or the authors and responders, just that it is all a part of the female experience in this country, no matter how much we like to give lip-service to equality whether it applies to race, gender, sexual orientation, or social level. Myokei also says, "If I truly believe that Buddhism is for everyone, then I have to act that way. It requires introspection and a commitment to weeding out everything within that prevents that compassion and acceptance from happening." What beautiful words coming from a beautiful person.

sarahjknoebber's picture

I learned the Odaimoku chant many years ago, from a native hawaiian woman. I was told thru her that it had it's origins from Japan, and that when you were in the vibration of this chant, it was combining all the religions of the world. I am glad to know that now I have been inadvertantly bringing in the Lotus Sutra. I find this chant to be such a great tool to calm the mind and direct my attention into Being. It is so good to learn about these traditions and those that uphold them as Myokei is. I will now enjoy the deepening of this glorious chant! Thank you.

dmurray110's picture

Good article. I wish that popping into that place was easy for me. My mind seems to have it's own idea about what I should be thinking about..

Dominic Gomez's picture

A passage in the Six Paramitas Sutra says to become the master of your mind rather than let your mind master you. Nichiren Daishonin further encourages practitioners that "whatever trouble occurs, regard it as no more than a dream, and think only of the Lotus Sutra." As long as you're chanting Nam Myoho Renge Kyo with the sincere desire for your happiness and the happiness of others, it doesn't matter what thoughts pop into your head. We're only human!

Dominic Gomez's picture

Interestingly, the Lotus Sutra is where Shakyamuni first unequivocaly teaches that women are equal to men as far as possessing the life condition of Buddhahood.